“Bryan Stevenson Builds Museum that Confronts Slavery, Lynching, Segregation, and Mass Incarceration in America”


Charlie Rose: Bryan Stevenson

 

I applaud Attorney and Activist Bryan Stevenson for his vision to build a museum that under one roof, will educate visitors about the history of inhumane acts inflicted upon Africans and African Americas under the institution of slavery, by mob lynching, Throughout the Civil Rights Movement, and the injustices of schools to prison pipelines, and mass incarceration of black males.

http://www.al.com/news/montgomery/index.ssf/2016/09/equal_justice_initiative_build.html

https://www.charitynavigator.org/index.cfm?bay=search.summary&orgid=12756

Stevenson uses his professional platform and influence to advocate for a more humane and just society. His activism in the courtroom and as a citizen of this country, is reflective of the heart and insight of men who came before him. Men like Gahndi, Mandela, Malcolm X,  and Martin Luther King Jr. who advocated for racial equality.

Articles:

http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/news/2016/02/26/google-racial-justice-grants-bryan-stevenson-equal-justice-initiative/80959244/http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/news/2016/02/26/google-racial-justice-grants-bryan-stevenson-equal-justice-initiative/80959244/

Charlie Rose: Equal Justice Initiative

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/videos/2016-08-23/-the-equal-justice-initiative-charlie-rose

 

Please contact the Equal Justice Initiative and donate funds to aid Mr. Stevenson in the building of a museum that will reveal the impact of the legacy of slavery on today’s society. Thank you!

Equal Justice Initiative
122 Commerce St.
Montgomery, Alabama 36104

Phone: 334-269-1803
Fax: 334-269-1806
Email: contact_us@eji.org

I  too have similar, though not as grand ambitions, and I am inspired by the work Mr. Stevenson is doing.

While the work that I am doing is not in any way associated with Mr. Stevenson’s building of his museum,  in 2012 I began painting a collection of art that is dedicated to the memory of women and girls who were lynched on America’s soil.

The art is abstract in the sense that it was not created with the intention of projecting any likeness to any of the women or girls for which the collection is dedicated.

Checkout the site below, especially if conducting research  on lynching or if you are in need of  footage for a class presentation.

Without Sanctuary

Advertisements

Dylan Storm Roof A Plea of “Mercy” by Terri Mae Owens


“You Cannot Change the World By Doing What’s Convenient or Comfortable”

Bryan Stevenson

One Plea of “Mercy” for Dylan Storm Roof

When I read that the death penalty is being sought against Dylan Storm Roof, for the murders of the nine men and women whom he shot to death in Mother Emmanuel A. M. E. Church, a year ago this month, I felt a sense of sadness and remorse. My sadness however was not felt only for Dylan’s fate, but for the fate of race relations in a country that as Americans we love.

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2016/05/24/dylann-roof-death-penalty-justice-department/84871618/

As much as we mourn the loss of lives that were taken in such a horrifically insane manner, taking the life of Dylan Roof, will not bring any one of them back.  In fact, to issue the death penalty would be expressive of the same barbaric disregard for human life that he showed towards parishioners who expressed only kindness towards him.

The deaths of the nine men and women of Emanuel grieved this entire nation, as well as people around the world. We here in South Carolina are presented with a great opportunity to continue the legacy of the Charleston Nine by not just professing to be a humane society, but by actually showing that we are.

I am an African American woman, a mother and a grandmother whose hope it is for a more kinder and just society for people of all races and ethnicities.  I am hopeful that one day skin color and religious belief or practice will not continue to divide us.

There is no question that what Mr. Roof did was wrong. However, as terrible of a thing that he has done, he is a member of a community of citizens called Americans. As Americans, we are connected by a shared history, and that history is in part founded upon the branding of the flesh of human beings to document them as property, as inventory, and not as people.

Because Mr. Roof grew up in a country whose foundation was built upon a blatant disrespect of human life, it seems ironic that a country whose history was established upon laws that made it legal to commit cruel and inhumane acts against human beings including children, for financial gain, would establish laws that would sentence an individual to die in a most inhumane manner because he committed a cruel and inhumane act against humans beings. The message that this type of reasoning sends is at its worst hypocritical, and at best conflicting.

Our forefathers owned human beings, and yet they established laws to govern our nation.  Laws that children are taught did not recognize African Americans as human beings, and certainly not equal to whites. It took a civil war just to grant them freedom and document their humanity.

Collectively as a people and a nation, we have journeyed to this point in our country’s history where a 21-year-old white male entered a church and assassinated nine people. The result of racism.  Racism was described by Toni Morrison, during an interview with Charlie Rose, as “Bereft.”

“The people who do this thing, who practice racism are bereft, there is something distorted about the psyche. It is a huge waste and it is a corruption and a distortion. It’s like it is a profound neurosis that nobody examines for what it is. It feels crazy, it is crazy, and it has as much of a deleterious effect on white people and possibly equal as it has on black people.” 

What has being a nation of people, whose history of race relations in this country, as exhibited through the Civil Rights movement, produced? It has produced confused citizens like Dylan Roof. How can we as a country not take responsibility for his brokenness and for ours? Laws punish, but they also protect. Dylan clearly shows signs of mental illness.

Dylan is one of America’s sons and we have failed him.  We are products of a history based on treating people like the “Other” and like they do not belong here in the United States of America, a country built by the free labor of slaves.

We must admit that we have, and in many cases continue to set bad examples of what a humane country looks like.  Our country’s stance on race was aired on television for all to see.  During the Civil Rights Movement African American men, women and children marched with signs in hand that read “I am a Man” “I am Somebody” “We Shall Not Be Moved” and were attacked by German Shepherd dogs, beaten with clubs, and sprayed with water from fire hoses, while Jim Crow Laws segregated even water fountains.

This is an opportunity for our country to begin doing a better job of teaching that what happened to African Americans and Native Americans in this country was wrong and that it should never be replicated, and when blatant acts of racism occur we must denounce them.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/thank-you-trump-for-exposing-your-ugly-inner-self/2016/10/02/e7051490-8745-11e6-92c2-14b64f3d453f_story.html?utm_term=.34a98387d62a

We can change race relations in this country by teaching America’s children to respect diversity, and to see all people first and foremost as human beings.

http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-news/news/teachers-aide-fired-after-calling-michelle-obama-a-gorilla-w443276

Yes, justice must be served against Dylan, but let’s not forget our history. A history that included the horror of lynching a human being and then setting the corpse on fire while children were in attendance having a picnic with their parents.

https://books.google.com/books?id=O3ZldmMty7UC&pg=PA23&lpg=PA23&dq=lynching+african+americans+and+black+barbecues&source=bl&ots=p9gsYunGAG&sig=5unrle7LIgVNElhNRBfIju5VuJI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjUq_zO0cXPAhXB7B4KHTQNDxAQ6AEIKjAC#v=onepage&q=lynching%20african%20americans%20and%20black%20barbecues&f=false/10/6/16

Dylan deserves to pay for his crimes, but must we kill him as if exterminating him is going to heal race relations in this country? It is my plea that Dylan Storm Roof not receive the death penalty, and that this country cease to use it as a method of punishment for crimes committed until America’s judicial system puts itself on trial for the enforcement of unjust laws that destroys people lives.

http://www.bayareadefenseattorney.com/criminal-defense-lawyer/aclu-strong-opposition-three-strikes-rule  10/6/16

Capital punishment is immoral, and making an example of Dylan by sentencing him to death by the cruelest method of punishment imaginable will not deter repeated behavior of the same from happening.

Newspaper Articles: Women Lynched In America Part 2


The Seattle Republican., May 22, 1903, Image 4
About The Seattle Republican. (Seattle, Wash.) 1???-1915

 

The Seattle Republican. (Seattle, Wash.), 22 May 1903. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84025811/1903-05-22/ed-1/seq-4/>

 

The Tulsa star., January 16, 1915, Image 1
About The Tulsa star. (Tulsa, Okla.) 1913-1921

(Booker T. Washington)

 

The Tulsa star. (Tulsa, Okla.), 16 Jan. 1915. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86064118/1915-01-16/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

The Ocala evening star., March 21, 1907, Page Page [One], Image 1
About The Ocala evening star. (Ocala, Fla.) 1895-1943

 

The Ocala evening star. (Ocala, Fla.), 21 March 1907. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027621/1907-03-21/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

Cayton’s weekly., May 17, 1919, Image 2
About Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.) 1916-1921

 

Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.), 17 May 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093353/1919-05-17/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

The Monett times., November 12, 1909, Image 1
About The Monett times. (Monett, Mo.) 1899-1939

 

The Monett times. (Monett, Mo.), 12 Nov. 1909. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90061308/1909-11-12/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

Cayton’s weekly., August 23, 1919, Image 1
About Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.) 1916-1921

 

Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.), 23 Aug. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093353/1919-08-23/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

Cayton’s weekly., August 23, 1919, Image 2
About Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.) 1916-1921

 

Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.), 23 Aug. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093353/1919-08-23/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

 

The Nebraska advertiser., May 01, 1903, Image 3
About The Nebraska advertiser. (Nemaha City, Neb.) 18??-1909

 

The Nebraska advertiser. (Nemaha City, Neb.), 01 May 1903. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2010270508/1903-05-01/ed-1/seq-3/>

 

Daily capital journal., May 20, 1905, Page 8, Image 8
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919

Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.), 20 May 1905. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn99063957/1905-05-20/ed-1/seq-8/>

 

Weekly journal-miner., January 20, 1909, Image 1
About Weekly journal-miner. (Prescott, Ariz.) 1908-1929

 

Weekly journal-miner. (Prescott, Ariz.), 20 Jan. 1909. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85032923/1909-01-20/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

 

Hopkinsville Kentuckian., January 19, 1915, Image 1
About Hopkinsville Kentuckian. (Hopkinsville, Ky.) 1889-1918

 

Hopkinsville Kentuckian. (Hopkinsville, Ky.), 19 Jan. 1915. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86069395/1915-01-19/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

The Bismarck tribune., January 19, 1922, Image 4
About The Bismarck tribune. (Bismarck, N.D.) 1916-current

 

The Bismarck tribune. (Bismarck, N.D.), 19 Jan. 1922. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042243/1922-01-19/ed-1/seq-4/>

 

The Bemidji daily pioneer., March 23, 1907, Image 3
About The Bemidji daily pioneer. (Bemidji, Minn.) 1904-1971

 

The Bemidji daily pioneer. (Bemidji, Minn.), 23 March 1907. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063381/1907-03-23/ed-1/seq-3/>

 

The Adair County news., July 04, 1917, Page 6, Image 6
About The Adair County news. (Columbia, Ky.) 1897-1987

 

The Adair County news. (Columbia, Ky.), 04 July 1917. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86069496/1917-07-04/ed-1/seq-6/>

 

 

The Bamberg herald., December 05, 1912, Page 3, Image 3
About The Bamberg herald. (Bamberg, S.C.) 1891-1972

 

The Bamberg herald. (Bamberg, S.C.), 05 Dec. 1912. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063790/1912-12-05/ed-1/seq-3/>

 

Cayton’s weekly., September 20, 1919, Image 3
About Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.) 1916-1921

Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.), 20 Sept. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093353/1919-09-20/ed-1/seq-3/>

 

The Coconino sun [microform]., May 16, 1919, Page Page Three, Image 3
About The Coconino sun [microform]. (Flagstaff, Ariz.) 1898-197?

 

The Coconino sun [microform]. (Flagstaff, Ariz.), 16 May 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87062055/1919-05-16/ed-1/seq-3/>

 

Evening star., May 02, 1919, Page 12, Image 12
About Evening star. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972

 

Evening star. (Washington, D.C.), 02 May 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1919-05-02/ed-1/seq-12/>

 

Cayton’s weekly., January 17, 1920, Image 2
About Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.) 1916-1921

 

Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.), 17 Jan. 1920. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093353/1920-01-17/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

 

Cayton’s weekly., January 12, 1918, Image 1
About Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.) 1916-1921

 

Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.), 12 Jan. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093353/1918-01-12/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

 

New-York tribune., April 25, 1903, Page 3, Image 3
About New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924

 

New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]), 25 April 1903. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1903-04-25/ed-1/seq-3/>

 

Mrs. Grundy., April 30, 1903, Image 2
About Mrs. Grundy. (Tracy City, Tenn.) 1903-1930

 

Mrs. Grundy. (Tracy City, Tenn.), 30 April 1903. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89058318/1903-04-30/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

The daily herald., April 25, 1895, Image 2
About The daily herald. (Brownsville, Tex.) 1892-1897

 

The daily herald. (Brownsville, Tex.), 25 April 1895. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86089174/1895-04-25/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

 

The commoner., July 24, 1903, Page 7, Image 7
About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923

 

The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.), 24 July 1903. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/46032385/1903-07-24/ed-1/seq-7/>

 

 

The Kansas City sun., October 25, 1919, Image 1
About The Kansas City sun. (Kansas City, Mo.) 1908-1924

 

The Kansas City sun. (Kansas City, Mo.), 25 Oct. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90061556/1919-10-25/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

 

The Roanoke times., May 13, 1897, Page 8, Image 8
About The Roanoke times. (Roanoke, Va.) 1897-1977

 

The Roanoke times. (Roanoke, Va.), 13 May 1897. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn95079490/1897-05-13/ed-1/seq-8/>

 

 

Dearborn independent., June 18, 1921, Page 13, Image 13
About Dearborn independent. (Dearborn, Mich.) 1901-1927

 

Dearborn independent. (Dearborn, Mich.), 18 June 1921. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2013218776/1921-06-18/ed-1/seq-13/>

 

 

The daily enterprise., June 26, 1884, Image 4
About The daily enterprise. (Livingston, Mont.) 1883-1884

 

The daily enterprise. (Livingston, Mont.), 26 June 1884. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053382/1884-06-26/ed-1/seq-4/>

 

The colored American., August 17, 1901, Page 4, Image 4
About The colored American. (Washington, D.C.) 1893-19??

 

The colored American. (Washington, D.C.), 17 Aug. 1901. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83027091/1901-08-17/ed-1/seq-4/>

 

Richmond planet., April 27, 1895, Image 2
About Richmond planet. (Richmond, Va.) 1883-1938

 

 

Richmond planet. (Richmond, Va.), 27 April 1895. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84025841/1895-04-27/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

 

The Spokane press., October 19, 1909, Page 6, Image 6
About The Spokane press. (Spokane, Wash.) 1902-1939

 

 

The Spokane press. (Spokane, Wash.), 19 Oct. 1909. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085947/1909-10-19/ed-1/seq-6/>

 

 

Willmar tribune., May 18, 1897, Image 2
About Willmar tribune. (Willmar, Minn.) 1895-1931

 

 

Willmar tribune. (Willmar, Minn.), 18 May 1897. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89081022/1897-05-18/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

 

Historical Newspaper Articles of Women Lynched in America Part 1


 

Cayton’s weekly., January 12, 1918, Image 1
About Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.) 1916-1921

Library of Congress

Cayton’s weekly. (Seattle, Wash.), 12 Jan. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093353/1918-01-12/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

The Langston City herald., August 24, 1895, Image 1
About The Langston City herald. (Langston City, O.T. [Okla.]) 1891-1902

The Langston City herald. (Langston City, O.T. [Okla.]), 24 Aug. 1895. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025050/1895-08-24/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

The Seattle Republican., May 23, 1902, Image 4
About The Seattle Republican. (Seattle, Wash.) 1???-1915

 

The Seattle Republican. (Seattle, Wash.), 23 May 1902. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84025811/1902-05-23/ed-1/seq-4/>

 

Cameron County press., January 19, 1899, Page 2, Image 2
About Cameron County press. (Emporium, Cameron County, Pa.) 1866-1922

 

Cameron County press. (Emporium, Cameron County, Pa.), 19 Jan. 1899. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83032040/1899-01-19/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

The Worthington advance., January 12, 1899, Image 2
About The Worthington advance. (Worthington, Minn.) 1874-1908

 

The Worthington advance. (Worthington, Minn.), 12 Jan. 1899. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025620/1899-01-12/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

 

The evening times., July 28, 1899, Page 3, Image 3
About The evening times. (Washington, D.C.) 1895-1902

The evening times. (Washington, D.C.), 28 July 1899. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024441/1899-07-28/ed-1/seq-3/>

 

Orleans County monitor., August 26, 1895, Image 2
About Orleans County monitor. (Barton, Vt.) 1872-1953

 

Orleans County monitor. (Barton, Vt.), 26 Aug. 1895. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84022871/1895-08-26/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

Potosi journal., January 11, 1899, Image 2
About Potosi journal. (Potosi, Mo.) 1894-1929

 

Potosi journal. (Potosi, Mo.), 11 Jan. 1899. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90061371/1899-01-11/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

 

The San Francisco call., August 12, 1895, Page 2, Image 2
About The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913

 

The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]), 12 Aug. 1895. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1895-08-12/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

The evening world., January 27, 1894, BROOKLYN LAST EDITION, Page 4, Image 4
About The evening world. (New York, N.Y.) 1887-1931

 

The evening world. (New York, N.Y.), 27 Jan. 1894. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030193/1894-01-27/ed-2/seq-4/>

 

 

Watauga Democrat., July 25, 1895, Image 1
About Watauga Democrat. (Boone, Watauga County, N.C.) 1888-current

Watauga Democrat. (Boone, Watauga County, N.C.), 25 July 1895. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82007642/1895-07-25/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

Fergus County Democrat., February 05, 1907, Image 2
About Fergus County Democrat. (Lewistown, Mont.) 1904-1919

Fergus County Democrat. (Lewistown, Mont.), 05 Feb. 1907. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036220/1907-02-05/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

 

The Appeal, December 23, 1922, Image 2
About The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ) 1889-19??

 

The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn.) 23 Dec. 1922. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016810/1922-12-23/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

Arizona republican., March 16, 1894, Page 2, Image 2
About Arizona republican. (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930

 

Arizona republican. (Phoenix, Ariz.), 16 March 1894. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020558/1894-03-16/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

The Salt Lake herald., August 16, 1898, Page 4, Image 5
About The Salt Lake herald. (Salt Lake City [Utah) 1870-1909

 

The Salt Lake herald. (Salt Lake City [Utah), 16 Aug. 1898. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058130/1898-08-16/ed-1/seq-5/>

 

Alexandria gazette., August 02, 1894, Image 2
About Alexandria gazette. (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974

 

Alexandria gazette. (Alexandria, D.C.), 02 Aug. 1894. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025007/1894-08-02/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

Richmond times-dispatch., June 02, 1915, Page SIX, Image 6
About Richmond times-dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current

 

Richmond times-dispatch. (Richmond, Va.), 02 June 1915. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045389/1915-06-02/ed-1/seq-6/>

 

Peninsula enterprise., July 07, 1906, Image 3
About Peninsula enterprise. (Accomac, Va.) 1881-1965

 

Peninsula enterprise. (Accomac, Va.), 07 July 1906. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn94060041/1906-07-07/ed-1/seq-3/>

 

Peninsula enterprise., July 07, 1906, Image 3
About Peninsula enterprise. (Accomac, Va.) 1881-1965

 

Peninsula enterprise. (Accomac, Va.), 07 July 1906. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn94060041/1906-07-07/ed-1/seq-3/>

 

Staunton spectator., August 08, 1894, Image 3
About Staunton spectator. (Staunton, Va.) 1849-1896

 

Staunton spectator. (Staunton, Va.), 08 Aug. 1894. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024718/1894-08-08/ed-1/seq-3/>

 

 

The times., May 21, 1899, Image 1
About The times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901

 

The times. (Washington [D.C.]), 21 May 1899. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85054468/1899-05-21/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

 

The pioneer express., August 19, 1898, Image 2
About The pioneer express. (Pembina, Dakota [N.D.]) 1883-1928

 

The pioneer express. (Pembina, Dakota [N.D.]), 19 Aug. 1898. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88076741/1898-08-19/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

a farmers’ leader., August 09, 1901, Image 3
About Dakota farmers’ leader. (Canton, S.D.) 1890-19??

 

Dakota farmers’ leader. (Canton, S.D.), 09 Aug. 1901. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn00065127/1901-08-09/ed-1/seq-3/>

 

 

The true northerner., May 19, 1897, Image 2
About The true northerner. (Paw Paw, Mich.) 1855-1920

 

The true northerner. (Paw Paw, Mich.), 19 May 1897. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85033781/1897-05-19/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

The weekly picket., March 22, 1907, Image 3
About The weekly picket. (Canton, Miss.) 1894-19??

 

The weekly picket. (Canton, Miss.), 22 March 1907. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86074081/1907-03-22/ed-1/seq-3/>

 

 

The Challis messenger., January 01, 1919, Image 6
About The Challis messenger. (Challis, Idaho) 1912-current

 

The Challis messenger. (Challis, Idaho), 01 Jan. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88056159/1919-01-01/ed-1/seq-6/>

 

The Appeal, July 25, 1914 Image 2
About The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn.  1889-19??

 

The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn.) 25 July 1914. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016810/1914-07-25/ed-1/seq-2/>

 

 

The interior journal., June 19, 1917, Image 1
About The interior journal. (Stanford, Ky.) 1912-1984

 

The interior journal. (Stanford, Ky.), 19 June 1917. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85052023/1917-06-19/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

The Hartford republican., August 23, 1901, Image 1
About The Hartford republican. (Hartford, Ky.) 18??-1926

 

The Hartford republican. (Hartford, Ky.), 23 Aug. 1901. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86069313/1901-08-23/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

Albuquerque morning journal., January 16, 1915, Page FOUR, Image 4
About Albuquerque morning journal. (Albuquerque, N.M.) 1903-1926

 

Albuquerque morning journal. (Albuquerque, N.M.), 16 Jan. 1915. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031081/1915-01-16/ed-1/seq-4/>

 

The Daily Ardmoreite., May 03, 1919, Image 1
About The Daily Ardmoreite. (Ardmore, Okla.) 1893-current

 

The Daily Ardmoreite. (Ardmore, Okla.), 03 May 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042303/1919-05-03/ed-1/seq-1/>

 

Harrisburg telegraph., May 02, 1919, Page 5, Image 5
About Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948

 

Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.), 02 May 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038411/1919-05-02/ed-1/seq-5/>

 

The Seattle star., May 16, 1919, Image 13
About The Seattle star. (Seattle, Wash.) 1899-1947

 

The Seattle star. (Seattle, Wash.), 16 May 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093407/1919-05-16/ed-1/seq-13/>

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Historical Act of Lynching and Mass Incarceration in Today’s Society


Some do not know of the tragic story of what happened in 1923, in Rosewood, a town in Florida. I first learned of this true story when I watched the move.

“Rosewood” 21 February 1997 USA. Warner Brothers. Director John Singletary, Writer Gregory Poirier. Stars: John Voight, Ving Rhimes, Don Cheadle.

In the movie, a white woman had been beaten very badly, by a man  whom she was being intimate with, in her bedroom, while her husband was at work.

On this particular day, her lover became angry with her, and he beat her and abruptly left her house.  Because of her deceit, in cheating on her husband, and her shame of getting beat up, she announced, theatrically, that a black man had raped her and had caused her bruises, in order to spare herself of shame.

Because of her lie, the town of Rosewood, occupied by blacks only, and a place in which they owned their property, school, and businesses, was burned and destroyed.

Men and women were lynched by mobs of poor white men, most of whom did not live as well as the black residents of Rosewood.

In contrast to what happened in Rosewood in 1923, in today’s society, it is too often that men are sentenced to receive the death penalty for crimes they did not commit, and race is often a factor.

I would argue that the death penalty should  never had become law in America; a country that prides itself on being humane.

In the depth of sorrow, for some, a life for a life might seem justified, but what if the evidence against that person is false?  What if the evidence was generated based on deliberate deceptions and lies ?

The articles below are a few that explains in more detail the “Rosewood Massacre.”

Articles on the Rosewood Massacre:  January 1, 1923

http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/keyword/rosewood-massacre 11/24/15

 

 

Brian Stevenson, of the Equal Justice  Initiative, defends men on death row. Listen as he talks to Oprah about how as a nation we throw people away with little thought.

 

Richard Rosario is not a client of Bryan Stevenson,  but his case is an example of throwing away the life of a man who was innocent, with little thought given to his life.

 

New Yorker Wrongly Convicted of Murder

6/26/16

 

https://www.veooz.com/news/ML7Fqog.html

 

 

 

He also described how his life has been changed by the relationships he developed in his service to defend men sentenced to die by lethal injection.

 

 

CHOOSE TO LIVE A HAPPY LIFE


Choose to be happy.

It is a choice that we all can make on purpose each and every day that we are blessed to be awakened with breath in our bodies, and a choice to make in spite of the way others view you, or treat you.

I find opportunities to feel happiness by engaging in different activities.  My favorite thing to do is to paint art that I dedicate to the memory of women and girls who were lynched in America.

Painting art for that purpose might seem depressing to many, but the act of painting art is my daily prayer of thanksgiving to God for the many gifts and talents that he has blessed me with.

Painting art is also my personal prayer of condolence for each woman who died under unjust and inhumane conditions, as the result of being lynched.

Their lives had purpose and meaning.  I use color to celebrate their lives!

In addition to painting, I Blog. I love conducting research and writing.  It makes me happy when I find information, especially of a historic content that I can share with others.

 This Blog is dedicated to finding, experiencing, and sharing happiness.  It includes happy music, inspirational quotes, pictures that express happiness, The authenticity of Serena Williams, and a great article by Anna Quindlen!

Have a Happy Day!

Congratulations Serena!

You are a Class Act

Article

Anna Quindlen Talks to Yakima Audience

http://www.yakimaherald.com/news/latestlocalnews/3102622-8/anna-quindlen-tells-yakima-audience-that-things-arent

Happy Music

P. FUNK

PARLIAMENT

SLY & THE FAMILY STONES

BLACK EYED PEAS 24 SEASONS OPRAH WINFREY SHOW

Jaheim

DANCING

NICOLAS BROTHERS

CAB CALLOWAY

&

THE NICOLAS BROTHERS  – STORMY WEATHER

RIVER DANCERS

  Amy Purdy Super Soul Sunday

  

Amy & Derek

 

INJUSTICES AND CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS: DIGITAL PRIMARY SOURCES DOCUMENTED IN MEMORY OF WOMEN AND GIRLS LYNCHED IN AMERICA


“Impossible is Nothing”

Muhammad Ali

The purpose of this blog, is to create a digital collection of primary sources, for those researching unjust acts perpetrated against women in today’s society, to show relevance to the history of abuses against women, specifically,  women and girls who were lynched in Southern states in America.

The barriers present in today’s society due to the legacy of slavery are school to prison pipelines, mass incarceration, and disparities in earned income and decent housing for African-Americans.

Before these problems can be effectively addressed, as citizens of this great country, we must end the war on race that we fight among ourselves and begin to treat each other more humanely.

To accomplish this, it will take all Americans, on a daily basis, practicing tolerance and expressing love and kindness towards those who do not look like us, those who do not live in our neighborhoods, or have the same religious beliefs as we do, to create an atmosphere of peace among all of mankind in this country.

Lynching

b&w film copy neg.

“Crowd of people, with shadow of man hanging from tree superimposed over them.”

Library of Congress

While the act of lynching-hanging from a tree, is no longer an act that is prevalent in our country this society,  as a majority, women continue to be subjected to social stigmas that by large considers them unequal to men when competing for jobs considered “man’s work.”

In America, examples of inequality can be discerned by evaluating the small percentage of women elected into politics at the national level, and in surveying statistics that document salaries that women are paid in comparison to their male counterparts, who work in the same executive position.

In homes across this country, and especially here in South Carolina, women continue to experience and die from acts of domestic violence at alarming rates. In the media the bodies and character of black women who are accomplished world athletes, Harvard graduates, and respected mothers and wives in their communities are often more vilified than celebrated and are described using insulting stereotypes that defined the slave era and Jim Crow.

To aid women in receiving equal pay for equal work, “On January 29, 2009, President Obama signed his first piece of legislation to foster definitive changes: the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act.”

https://www.whitehouse.gov/equal-pay/career

And while inequalities in pay and the exploitation of women are issues in America, those issues are compounded for women in other countries where girls are denied an education,or they can’t afford to go to school, and the act of exploiting and discriminating against them have greater consequences for their families and the communities and n which they live.

“Countries with the lowest standards of living and the highest rates of illiteracy are usually countries that do not educate their girls. Left unchecked, these inequalities in education will perpetuate violence, poverty and instability and will keep nations from achieving economic, political and social progress” Ambassador Melanne Verveer.

As displayed throughout history, it is through individual and group activism, and the making and enforcing laws that hold accountable those who commit acts against women and girls that disenfranchise, exploit, enslave, and butcher them, that change will come.

Anti-Lynching Bill

Mencken, lynching and civilization. Henry Mencken, author of note, testifies at the Senate Judiciary sub-committee hearing on the Anti-Lynching bill that

“Mencken, lynching and civilization. Henry Mencken, author of note, testifies at the Senate Judiciary sub-committee hearing on the Anti-Lynching bill that “no civilized country can condone lynching.” 2/14/35″

Library of Congress

While Lynching has been outlawed in America, acts of racial violence against African-Americans within their communities is still a problem, and women and girls are not excluded.

I want to use my art as a platform to advocate for the empowerment of women and girls worldwide through education.

Women activists like First Lady Mrs. Michelle Obama challenge governments in communities worldwide to pass laws that make it a legal right for girls to receive an education.

The education of girls is important to fostering a just society because throughout history, it has been women who have advocated most for women’s rights, and were the ones who took the lead in challenging injustices against African-Americans as a community of the underserved . This was especially relevant during the Civil Rights Movement.

However long before the Civil Rights Movement, Ida B. Wells risked her life, and took the lead in documenting cases of lynching.  She was a fierce advocate in exposing the hypocrisy around the accusations that black men were lynched because of alleged acts of rape against white women.

Doesn’t like lynchings. Rep. Carolina O’Day, D. of N.Y., giving a woman’s viewpoint to the hearings on the Anti-Lynching Bill before the Senate Judiciary sub-committee said “Women do not need nor want to be protected by such a barbarous practices.” 2/14

38361r

Library of Congress

 

digital file from original

“Ida B. Wells–I’d rather go down in history as one lone Negro who dared to tell the government that it had done a dastardly thing …”

Library of Congress

Dedication ceremonies--Ida B. Wells Homes ... parade along South Parkway ... Chicago Housing Authority

Library of Congress

Mary B Talbert Anti-Lynching

http://blackwomenandanti-lynching.weebly.com/

The Art in this blog was created to honor the memory of the many women and girls who were lynched on America’s soil, as well as the mothers of African-American males who were  sons, brothers and husbands, who were lynched in America.

This ongoing research and development of this database is dedicated to educating my readers about the many injustices committed against women and girls not only in America, but in countries around the world.

The legacy of  women like Ida B. Wells, and Mary Talbert, and others like them, continues through the work of women like Humanitarian  Zainab Salbi.  Listen to her story on youtube: Super Soul Sunday

“Super Soul Sunday” OWN Network.

http://www.oprah.com/video_embed.html?article_id=60878

Nobel Peace Prize winner Leymah Gbowee has two powerful stories to tell — of her own life’s transformation, and of the untapped potential of girls around the world. Can we transform the world by unlocking the greatness of girls?

Khalida Brohi: How I work to protect women from honor killings

Kakenya Ntaiya: A girl who demanded school

Women and Lynching in America

Between 1880 and 1910, close to 200 women were murdered by lynched mobs in the American South. Crystal N. Femister, Southern Horrors: Women and the Politics of Rape and Lynching”).

The Politics of Lynching

May make cash levy on lynching. These members of the Senate Judiciary Sub-committee considering the Costigan-Wagner Anti-Lynching Bill may report our a piece of legislation calling for a levy of from $2,000 to $10,000 against a county in which a lynching occurs to be paid to relatives of the victim. From the left: Sen. Edward P. Costigan, D. of Colo.; Sen. Frederick Van Nuys, D. of Ind.; Sen. Joseph F. Guffy, D. of Pa., and Sen. William H. Dieterrich, D. of Ill. 2/14/35

May make cash levy on lynching. These members of the Senate Judiciary Sub-committee considering the Costigan-Wagner Anti-Lynching Bill may report our a piece of legislation calling for a levy of from $2,000 to $10,000 against a county in which a lynching occurs to be paid to relatives of the victim. From the left: Sen. Edward P. Costigan, D. of Colo.; Sen. Frederick Van Nuys, D. of Ind.; Sen. Joseph F. Guffy, D. of Pa., and Sen. William H. Dieterrich, D. of Ill. 2/14/35

Library of Congress

Because this project is a work in process, there is no claim that the list of names in this Blog is one that includes all women or girls who were lynched in America between 1880 and 1910, as there were times when the names of individuals who had been lynched, or those suspected by family members as a result of an unexplained disappearance to had been lynched, were not always reported or investigated.

For students conducting research, it is important to note that Gross injustices against blacks such as lynchings did not occur only in the South, nor did protest marches which sought an end to injustices against blacks occur only in southern states.

Hate Crimes Begin with Expressed Prejudices

    [African American children on way to PS204, 82nd Street and 15th Avenue, pass mothers protesting the busing of children to achieve integration]

“African American children on way to PS204, 82nd Street and 15th Avenue, pass mothers protesting the busing of children to achieve integration 1965.”  New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection.

Library of Congress

Mrs. Claire Cumberbatch, of 1303 Dean St., leader of the Bedford-Stuyvesant group protesting alleged

‘Mrs. Claire Cumberbatch, of 1303 Dean St., leader of the Bedford-Stuyvesant group protesting alleged “segregated” school, leads oath of allegiance.”

Library of Congress

b&w film copy neg.

“Members of the NAACP New York City Youth Council picketing for anti-lynching legislation before the Strand Theater in Times Square 1937”

Library of Congress

digital file from b&w film copy neg.

‘Photograph shows Daniel Atwood, Parren Mitchell, and Mr. Bracy picketing in front of Ford’s Theater to protest racial segregation 1948″

Library of Congress

Blacks were not lynched exclusively in states in the South.

“Lynching was not a sectional crime, and while a majority of lynching’s happened in Southern and border states, not all lynching happened in the rural South.”  Lynchings also happened in Maryland, West Virgina, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Kansas. Terrance Finnegan “A Deed So Accursed”

http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/lynchstats.html

“The United States has a violent history of domestic violence. It is an ugly episode in our national history that has long been neglected.”  Of the several types of American violence, one type stands out as one of the most inhumane chapters of the history of the world? the violence committed against Negro citizens in America by white people.” Gibson.

Robert A. Gibson covers the period between 1880 to 1950 in which lynching is referred to as “The Negro Holocaust.”  A course entitled “The Negro Holocaust:Lynching and race Riots in the United States 1880 – 1950, is/was offered at Yale University.

http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1979/2/79.02.04.x.html 4/3/15

Why were the fears of whites so entrenched that they murdered blacks so inhumanely?  “To be sure, lynching activity resulted from a boiling cauldron of social tensions, not just political conflict, but in Mississippi, lynching incidents increased by a third in the ten years following the passage of the 1890 constitution as compared to the decade immediately prior.”Finnegan 73.

“In South Carolina, the situation was similar: lynching incidents increased by 25 percent in the fifteen years following the new constitution that had disfranchised blacks.” Terrance Finnegan, “A Deed So Accursed: Lynching in Mississippi and South Carolina” 73.

Considering the racial tensions during Reconstruction, it is reasonable to determine that some of the individuals that disappeared without warning had been lynched.  For this reason, there is no way to accurately tally and account for all of the people who were  lynched in America.

Civil Rights activist Unita Blackwell, the first African-American woman to be elected Mayor in the state of Mississippi, Mayersville, Mississippi, offers evidence of this fact.

During an interview for Rutherford Living History, Unita Blackwell talked about her life. In one part of the discussions, she spoke of her grandfather, whom she described as “part Indian and was  known to stand up to white folks.” She said that he went to work one day and he never returned home.  “We knew that they killed him…whites folks.” She said.

“Mississippi had the highest incidence of lynchings in the South as well the highest for the nation, with Georgia and Texas taking second and third places respectively.”  Lynching took place in all states he wrote, except for Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Vermont.” (Gibson)

http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1979/2/79.02.04.x.html

When an individual is killed by a police officer who used excessive force, the act is often witnessed by other police officers called who are called to the scene for backup.  Like the case of Eric Gardner, during a lynching, the murder often happened in the presence of law enforcement officers who stood by and witnessed the crime.

http://www.dailykos.com/story/2015/02/10/1363557/-Report-on-lynching-in-the-US-shows-historical-numbers-like-killings-by-police-are-underreported#

While the women memorialized in this blog were all lynched between 1880 and 1910; acts of violence against women in this country and in countries around the world have been an ongoing topic of concern.  In today’s society, black women are not being hung from trees, but they represent a significant portion of prison incarcerations.

“According to the Bureau of Justice statistics (B J S) the total female prison population in 2011 was 1,598,780.  The total number of women in prison in 2011 was 111,387. The total number of Black women in prison in 2011 was 26,000 or 23% of the total female prison population.  But, the rate of imprisonment for Black women was 129/1000 or 3% (this figure is .05% for White women).  The Black women’s rate is 6 times higher than for White women” ( Earl Smith ).

http://www.opednews.com/articles/African-American-Women-Bl-by-Earl-Smith-130320-231.html

These are the issues that will be discussed in this blog along with topics on genital mutilation, human trafficking, and the forced enslavement of women and children who are sexually abused, and those forced into to prostituting their bodies.

http://abcnews.go.com/Primetime/story?id=1596778&page=1

In spite of the attention brought to the barbaric act of genital mutilation, this procedure is still being forced upon girls and young women.  For those who are unfamiliar with the subject or process of genital mutilation, it is explained in an article in “The Guardian,” at the site below.

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/may/16/what-is-female-genital-mutilation-circumcision-us 3/30/15

Articles will be highlighted on the injustices of women in other countries like the article about Farkhunda, a 27 year old woman in Kabul, Afghanistan was lynched by a mob on March 22, 2015 for allegedly burning a Koran.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/03/23/afghanistan-protests-woman-lynched_n_6923566.html

The art in this blog was created to be used as an educational tool to bring awareness to acts of violence against women in past times, and in our world today. It is my stance that many acts of violence that ended in the death of an individual, either by their own hands, or by the hands of a perpetrator, began with bullying tactics.

Mob violence was simply one small group, or massive group of fearful individuals who sought to calm their fears and insecurities by making others fearful of them. Bullying is a major topic of discussion in schools, in the work place, and it should be up for discussion in churches as well as a deterrent.

Those who bully have no boundaries. They do not respect the lives or the rights of others.    Emotional and physical abuse, murder, and suicide all result from the tactics of bullying.

Many in the world has been slaughtered as a result of a dictator system of law.  Hitler could be described by many names.  I would argue that a bully is one.  Like the victims of lynch mob violence, his victims were insanely tortured.

The concept of the Holocaust Museum, located in our nations capital, inspired me to try to emulate, on a smaller scale, their  concept of memorializing the lives of the women and girls who were murdered by the act of lynching on America’s soil.

Unlike the Holocaust Museum, which has a collection of actual photographs of individuals who were victims of genocide, there is no extensive collection of photos that can be searched and from it a substantial pool of photographs extracted for the use of a database of the victims.

http://www.ushmm.org/research/research-in-collections/overview/photo-archives

I am a self-taught artist who is ambitious and determined to create an online memorial of art, and later have the art housed in one location.

The art that I create is abstract and has been created in the spirit of being used in the absence of photographs, like those that line the walls of the Holocaust Museum.  I use my art as a personal declaration that the lives of the women and children who were lynched on America’s soil mattered to those who loved them, and it matters to me.

http://www.ushmm.org/

The art can be interchangeable, as far as the names are concerned.  I elected to make the art interchangeable and not dedicate one specific piece to any one individual because the art is created with the intent that it will be used to memorialize the death of the individuals collectively.

No attempt whatsoever has been made to try to depict their true features. The art is simply an offering of my condolence.  A majority of the pieces are colorful and unique in style, while others are drawings of pencil and charcoal.

Like the concept of the Holocaust Museum, I wish to preserve the memory of the victims of lynching through more than words alone.  I hope that the spirit of the women and girls will live on through my art, just as the memory of the holocaust victims are remembered through visiting the museum, and the viewing of their photographs and memorabilia.

It is important however to do more than just talk about past atrocities that happened to women.  Ongoing injustices that continue to disenfranchise, brutalize, murder and enslave women in America and abroad must be eliminated.

Likewise, it is important to express appreciation for those who work towards this effort.  A great example is Lawyers and Doctors Without Borders.

http://www.lawyerswithoutborders.org/Pages/Default.aspx

http://bloggersagainstsocialinjustice.blogspot.com/2013/04/top-7-ted-talks-on-human-trafficking.html

http://southcarolina.lostsoulsgenealogy.com/lynchings.htm

What are you doing to educate others about the many unjust conditions women and children in America and abroad are forced to live with and endure?  What effort are you personally making to  motivate change; change that would make this country, and our world, a more humane and lawfully just place to live within?

Eleanor Roosevelt, full-length portrait, standing at bottom of the Grand Staircase in the White House, facing left 1937.

Library of Congress

[Eleanor Roosevelt, full-length portrait, standing at bottom of the Grand Staircase in the White House, facing left]

“Letter, Eleanor Roosevelt to Walter White detailing the First Lady’s lobbing efforts for federal action against Lynching, 19 March 1936.”

https://i2.wp.com/memory.loc.gov/mss/mcc/015/0001.jpg

(National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Records)

Library of Congress

Lynching In Today’s Society

“Eyes Of The Rainbow – a documentary film with Assata Shakur”

b&w film copy neg.

“Demand withdrawal of civil rights program”

Library of Congress

Senator J. Howard McGrath (seated), Chairman of the Democratic National Committee, meeting with governors (l-r) Ben T. Laney, of Arkansas, R. Gregg Cherry, of North Carolina, William P. Lane, Jr., of Maryland, J. Strom Thurmond, of South Carolina, and B.H. Jester, of Texas, to “air their grievances against President Truman’s civil rights program. 1948”

Library of Congress


Angelina Emily Grimké (1805-1879)

Sarah Moore Grimké (1792-1873)

Angelina and Sarah Grimke: Abolitionist Sisters

Charleston, South Carolina

Before Emancipation “The Grimke sisters were among the first abolitionists to recognize the importance of women’s rights and to speak and write about the cause of female equality.”

http://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/slavery-and-anti-slavery/essays/angelina-and-sarah-grimke-abolitionist-sisters

http://www.nps.gov/wori/learn/historyculture/grimke-sisters.htm

http://www.neh.gov/humanities/2010/septemberoctober/feature/gross-injustice

East African slaves aboard the Daphne, a British Royal Navy vessel

East African slaves aboard the Daphne, a British Royal Navy vessel involved in anti-slave trade activities in the Indian Ocean, 1868.

The National Archives of the UK

Filibuster against anti-lynching bill. Washington, D.C., Jan. 27. Members of the bloc of Southern Senators who have been filibusting against the anti-lynching bill for the last 20 days and are still going strong, left to right: Senator Tom Connaly, of Texas, Sen. Walter F. George, of Ga.; Sen. Richard Russell of Ga.; and Sen. Claude Pepper of Florida, 1/27/38

“Filibuster against anti-lynching bill. Washington, D.C., Jan. 27. Members of the bloc of Southern Senators who have been filibustering against the anti-lynching bill for the last 20 days and are still going strong, left to right: Senator Tom Connaly, of Texas, Sen. Walter F. George, of Ga.; Sen. Richard Russell of Ga.; and Sen. Claude Pepper of Florida, 1/27/38”

Library of Congress

In Memory of Women Lynched in Florida

b&w film copy neg.

“Related to NAACP investigation into the lynching of Claude Neal, at Marianna, Florida, 1934.”

Library of Congress

In Memory of Mamie Till Whose Son Emmett was Lynched in  Mississippi

“The Untold Story of Emmett Louis Till”

Women Lynched In Mississippi

When men were lynched, women became the sole supporter of their families. - Larger images available only at The Library of Congress

“J.P. Ivy, Negro timber cutter, was burned to death Sept. 25 by a mob of Union and Lee Counties … Ivy … denied having to do anything with the assault [on a white girl]”–photo caption 1920 – 1930.”

Library of Congress

[African American and white Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party supporters demonstrating outside the 1964 Democratic National Convention, Atlantic City, New Jersey; some hold signs with portraits of slain civil rights workers James Earl Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner]

“African American and white Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party supporters demonstrating outside the 1964 Democratic National Convention, Atlantic City, New Jersey; some hold signs with portraits of slain civil rights workers James Earl Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner.”

Library of Congress

[African American and white Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party supporters demonstrating outside the 1964 Democratic National Convention, Atlantic City, New Jersey; some hold signs with portraits of  slain civil rights workers Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner]

African American and white Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party supporters demonstrating outside the 1964 Democratic National Convention, Atlantic City, New Jersey; some hold signs with portraits of slain civil rights workers Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner.

IN MEMORY OF WOMEN LYNCHED IN TENNESSEE

b&w film copy neg.

“Caucasian woman and African-American woman, protesting segregation, sitting side by side on stools at a Nashville, Tenn. lunch counter that has been roped off . 1960”

Library of Congress

b&w film copy neg.

Nashville police officer wielding nightstick holds African-American youth at bay during a civil rights march in Nashville, Tennessee 1964.  New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection

Library of Congress

In Memory of Women Lynched In Texas

Crowd of people gathered in street to watch the lynching of Jesse Washington, several men in tree appear to be securing chain or rope, Waco, Texas

b&w film copy neg.

Library of Congress

The fight to feel validated as a human being has been an ongoing process for African-Americans.

The fight, which has spanned hundreds of years and has taken on many forms, at one time in history resulted in African – Americans who were lynched by mobs of people who did not value their lives as fellow human beings.

b&w film copy neg.

NAACP youth and student members marching with signs protesting Texas segregation laws, Houston, Texas 1947″

Lynching Georgia 1940 – 1950

Group of African Americans marching near the Capitol Building in Washington, D. D. to protest the lynching of four African Americans in Georgia 1946.

[Group of African-Americans, marching near the Capitol building in Washington, D.C., to protest the lynching of four African-Americans in Georgia]

Library of Congress

The Struggles of Women and African-Americans

b&w film copy neg.

Library of Congress

1939-1961

“People marching with signs to protest segregation in education at the college and secondary levels”

b&w film copy neg. LC-USZ62-116817

“People marching with signs to protest segregation in education at the college and secondary levels 1947.”

Library of Congress

b&w film copy neg.

“Elmer Mosee, Daisy Lampkin, and Sidney R. Redmond, full-length portraits, holding signs protesting lynching”

Library of Congress

Greyhound Bus Station at 210 South Court Street in Montgomery, Alabama

Greyhound Bus Station at 210 South Court Street, Montgomery, Alabama

The site of a violent attack on participants in the 1961 Freedom Ride during the Civil Rights Movement. The mob of white protesters confronting the civil rights activists, “shocked the nation and lead the Kennedy Administration to side with civil rights protesters for the first time.” No longer used as a bus station, the building was saved from demolition and its façade has been restored.

Library of Congress

[African American demonstrators outside the White House, with signs

“African-American Demonstrators, outside the White House, with signs “We demand the right to vote everywhere,” and signs protesting police brutality against civil rights protestors in Selma Alabama 1965″

Library of Congress

https://i2.wp.com/cdn.loc.gov/service/pnp/cph/3c20000/3c27000/3c27600/3c27664_150px.jpg

“Sea of 30,000 civil rights demonstrators gathered outside the Alabama state capitol following their march from Selma to Montgomery 1965”

Library of Congress

https://i1.wp.com/cdn.loc.gov/service/pnp/cph/3c20000/3c27000/3c27700/3c27736_150px.jpg

“Mounted Dallas County possemen (policeman) stand by as an Alabama state trooper tries to get Negro woman to her feet after police used tear gas, clubs and ropes to break up a protest march yesterday outside Selma 1965”

Library of Congress

digital file from original item

“African-American boy holding protest sign in front of piles of signs on the ground at the March on Washington 1963.”

Library of Congress

[The civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama in 1965]

Photograph shows some participants in the civil rights march sitting on a wall resting, one holds a placard which reads, “We march together, Catholics, Jews, Protestant, for dignity and brotherhood of all men under God, Now! 1965”

Library of Congress

https://i2.wp.com/cdn.loc.gov/service/pnp/cph/3c20000/3c21000/3c21200/3c21286_150px.jpg

African-Americans kneel on sidewalk outside City Hall in Birmingham, Alabama protesting racial segregation

Library of Congress

Exact spot on Dexter Avenue in Montgomery, Alabama, where Rosa Parks waited for the bus on that fateful day that turned the Civil Rights Movement into a raging human rights war

Exact spot on Dexter Avenue in Montgomery, Alabama, where Rosa Parks waited for the bus on that fateful day that turned the Civil Rights Movement into a raging human rights war.

Library of Congress

Mothers Felt the Backlash of Injustices Through The Terror of Their Sons

The Scottsboro Boys

Understanding Powell v. Alabama

http://sixthamendment.org/understanding-powell-v-alabama/

The Trials of The Scottsboro Boys

http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/scottsboro/SB_acct.html 4/18/15

Four Little Girls

Uploaded for Educational Purposes Only

“Four Little Girls Killed in 1963 Birmingham Bombing Remembered”

Loretta Lynch, Born in Greensboro, North Carolina, was  Confirmed on Thursday, April 23, 2015, as the United States Attorney General. 

She replaced Attorney General Eric Holder.  She is the first African-American Woman to become Attorney General of the United States of America. 

In Memory of Women Lynched In Arkansas

Little Rock, 1959. Rally at state capitol

“Photograph showing a group of people, several holding signs and American flags, protesting the admission of the “Little Rock Nine” to Central High School 1959.”

Library of Congress

Little Rock, 1959. Rally at state capitol

“Photograph shows a group of people, one holding a Confederate flag, surrounding speakers and National Guard, protesting the admission of the “Little Rock Nine” to Central High School 1959.”

Library of Congress

“Police Officials Resigned After A Small Town In Missouri Elected It’s First Black Female Mayor”

Huffington Post

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/04/19/parma-police-resign-black-female-mayor_n_7097110.html

New York Daily News

http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/missouri-town-elects-black-mayor-5-6-cops-resign-report-article-1.2190915

“Luck – When opportunity meets preparation”

Oprah Winfrey

THE INFORMATION ON THIS SITE HAS BEEN RESEARCHED TO CREATE A DATABASE FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES.